Ehemaliger name tallins
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Tallinn, first mentioned in , received city rights in ,  but the earliest human settlements date back 5, years. Due to its strategic location, the city became a major trade hub, especially from the 14th to the 16th century, when it grew in importance as part of the Hanseatic League.
Often dubbed the Silicon Valley of Europe ,  it has the highest number of startups per person in Europe  and is a birthplace of many international companies, including Skype.
It is ranked as a global city and has been listed among the top 10 digital cities in the world. It was suggested that Quwri may have denoted a predecessor of the modern city.
Колывань , which is known from East Slavic chronicles and which may have come from the Estonian mythical hero Kalev. Reval was in use until The name Tallinn a is Estonian.
Castrum Danorum , after the Danes built the castle in place of the Estonian stronghold at Lindanisse. At first, both forms Tallinna and Tallinn were used.
In Russian, the spelling of the name was changed from Таллинн to Таллин  Tallin by the Soviet authorities in the s, and this spelling is still officially sanctioned by the Russian government, while Estonian authorities have been using the spelling Таллинн in Russian-language publications since the restoration of independence.
The form Таллин is also used in several other languages in some of the countries that emerged from the former Soviet Union.
Due to the Russian spelling, the form Tallin is sometimes found in international publications; it is also the official form in Spanish. The comb ceramic pottery found on the site dates to about BCE and corded ware pottery c.
Around , the first fortress was built on Tallinn Toompea. As an important port for trade between Russia and Scandinavia, it became a target for the expansion of the Teutonic Knights and the Kingdom of Denmark during the period of Northern Crusades in the beginning of the 13th century when Christianity was forcibly imposed on the local population.
Danish rule of Tallinn and Northern Estonia started in The Danes sold Reval along with their other land possessions in northern Estonia to the Teutonic Knights in Medieval Reval enjoyed a strategic position at the crossroads of trade between Western and Northern Europe and Russia.
The city, with a population of 8,, was very well fortified with city walls and 66 defence towers. A weather vane , the figure of an old warrior called Old Thomas , was put on top of the spire of the Tallinn Town Hall in that became the symbol for the city.
With the start of the Protestant Reformation the German influence became even stronger as the city was converted to Lutheranism.
In , Reval politically became a dominion of Sweden. During the Great Northern War , plague stricken Tallinn along with Swedish Estonia and Livonia capitulated to Imperial Russia in , but the local self-government institutions Magistracy of Reval and Chivalry of Estonia retained their cultural and economical autonomy within Imperial Russia as the Governorate of Estonia.
The Magistracy of Reval was abolished in The 19th century brought industrialization of the city and the port kept its importance.
During the last decades of the century Russification measures became stronger. On 24 February , the Independence Manifesto was proclaimed in Reval, soon to be Tallinn, followed by Imperial German occupation and a war of independence with Russia.
Tallinn became the capital of an independent Estonia. During the Summer Olympics , the sailing then known as yachting events were held at Pirita , north-east of central Tallinn.
In August , an independent democratic Estonian state was established and a period of quick development to a modern European capital ensued. Tallinn became the capital of a de facto independent country once again on 20 August Around Catholic churches in many towns in Estonia, including Tallinn, were pillaged as part of the Reformational fervor: Although extensively bombed by Soviet air forces during the later stages of World War II, much of the medieval Old Town still retains its charm.
Between and it may have been the tallest building in the world. Tallinn is situated on the southern coast of the Gulf of Finland , in north-western Estonia.
Lake Harku is the second largest lake within the borders of Tallinn and its area is 1. Tallinn does not lie on a major river. The only significant river in Tallinn is Pirita River in Pirita , a city district counted as a suburb.
A limestone cliff runs through the city. However, Toompea is not a part of the cliff, but a separate hill. The length of the coast is 46 kilometres 29 miles.
It comprises three bigger peninsulas: The geology under the city of Tallinn is made up of rocks and sediments of different composition and age.
Youngest are the Quaternary deposits. The material of these deposits are till , varved clay , sand , gravel and pebbles that are of glacial , marine and lacustrine origin.
Some of the Quaternary deposits are valuable as they constitute aquifers or, as in the case of gravels and sands, are used as construction materials.
The Quaternary deposits are the fill of valleys that are now buried. The buried valleys of Tallinn are carved into older rock likely by ancient rivers to be later modified by glaciers.
While the valley fill is made up of Quaternary sediments the valley themselves originated from erosion that took place before the Quaternary.
Only the upper layer of Ordovician rocks protrudes from the cover of younger deposits croping out in the Baltic Klint at the coast and at a few places inland.
The Ordovician rocks are made up of from top to bottom of a thick layer of limestone and marlstone , then a first layer of argillite followed by first layer of sandstone and siltstone and then another layer of argillite also followed by sandstone and siltstone.
In other places of the city hard sedimentary rock is only to be found beneath Quaternary sediments at depths reaching as much as meters below sea level.
Underlying the sedimentary rock are the rocks of the Fennoscandian Craton including gneisses and other metamorphic rocks with volcanic rock protoliths and rapakivi granites.
The mentioned rocks are much older than the rest Paleoproterozoic age and do not crop out anywhere in Estonia.
Snowfall is common during the winter months. Winters are cloudy  and are characterized by low amounts of sunshine, ranging from only 0.
Spring starts out cool, with freezing temperatures common in March and April but gradually becomes warmer in late May when daytime temperatures average Snowfall is common in March and can occur in April.
The warmest month is usually July, with an average of Periods of hot weather are rare during the summer months, with only 31 days per year where the temperature reaches or exceeds Fall starts out mild, with a September average of In the latter months of fall, freezing temperatures become more common and snowfall can occur.
Tallinn receives millimeters Tallinn has an average windspeed of 3. For local government purposes, Tallinn is subdivided into 8 administrative districts Estonian: The district governments are city institutions that fulfill, in the territory of their district, the functions assigned to them by Tallinn legislation and statutes.
Each district government is managed by an elder Estonian: They are appointed by the city government on the nomination of the mayor and after having heard the opinion of the administrative councils.
The function of the administrative councils is to recommend to the city government and commissions of the city council how the districts should be administered.
The administrative districts are further divided into subdistricts or neighbourhoods Estonian: Their names and borders are officially defined.
Currently there are 84 subdistricts in Tallinn. The population of Tallinn on 1 January was , The official language of Tallinn is Estonian.
In , , Other spoken languages include Ukrainian , Belarusian and Finnish. Tallinn is the financial and business capital of Estonia.
The city has a highly diversified economy with particular strengths in information technology , tourism and logistics.
In addition to longtime functions as seaport and capital city, Tallinn has seen development of an information technology sector; in its 13 December , edition, The New York Times characterized Estonia as "a sort of Silicon Valley on the Baltic Sea".
Skype is one of the best-known of several Estonian start-ups originating from Tallinn. Many start-ups originated from the Soviet-era Institute of Cybernetics.
In recent years, [ when? Smaller start-up incubators like Garage48 and Game Founders have helped to provide support to teams from Estonia and around the world looking for support, development and networking opportunities.
Most of the visitors come from Europe, though Tallinn has also become increasingly visited by tourists from Russia and the Asia-Pacific region.
Tallinn Passenger Port is one of the busiest cruise destinations on the Baltic Sea, serving more than , cruise passengers in The Tallinn Card is a time-limited ticket to visitors.
It allows the holder free use of public transport , free entry to many museums and other places of interest, and discounts or free gifts from shops or restaurants.
Eesti Energia , a large oil shale to energy company,  has its headquarters in Tallinn. Nord Pool Spot , the largest market for electrical energy in the world, established its local office in Tallinn.
Tallinn is the financial centre of Estonia and also a strong economic centre in the Scandinavian-Baltic region.
Two crypto-currencies exchanges officially recognized by the Estonian government, CoinMetro  and DX. Exchange  have their headquarters in Tallinn.
Port of Tallinn is one of the biggest ports in the Baltic sea region. There is a small fleet of oceangoing trawlers that operate out of Tallinn.
Tallinn industries include shipbuilding, machine building, metal processing, electronics, textile manufacturing.
Liviko , the maker of Vana Tallinn liqueur, strongly associated with the city, is based in Tallinn. The headquarters of Kalev , a confectionery company and part of the industrial conglomerate Orkla Group , is located in Lehmja , southeast of Tallinn.
The city draws large numbers of shopping tourists from countries within the region. When new planned retail developments are completed, Tallinn will have almost 2 square metres of shopping floor space per inhabitant.
As Estonia is already ranked third in Europe in terms of shopping center space per inhabitant, ahead of Sweden and being surpassed only by Norway and Luxembourg , it will further improve the positions of the city as the major centre of shopping.
Tallinn is home to more than 60 museums and galleries. It features permanent exhibition that covers years of photography in Estonia. Estonian Museum of Natural Science features several seasonal and temporary themed exhibitions that provide an overview of wildlife in Estonia and around the world.
It collects and displays heritage related to the history of medicine in Estonia. It also displays Estonian art starting from the early 18th century.
It stores and displays about 9, works of art from the 16th to 20th centuries. Niguliste Museum currently occupies former St. Those that are interested in design and applied art may enjoy Estonian Museum of Applied Art and Design collection of Estonian contemporary designs.
It displays up to The Estonian Song Festival in Estonian: Often referred to as The Singing Nation, the Estonians have one of the biggest collections of folk songs in the world [ dubious — discuss ] [ verification needed ] , with written records of about , folk songs.
In September , a record , people, more than a quarter of all Estonians , gathered in Tallinn for a song festival. In the festival held the European Film Awards ceremony in Tallinn.
The traditional cuisine of Tallinn is reflecting culinary traditions of the Northern Estonia, an important role of the city as a fishing port, as well as the Baltic German influence.
Kohvik have played a major role in a social life of the city since the 19th century, as well as bars, especially in the Kesklinn district. Marzipan industry in Tallinn has a very long history.
In , marzipan was mentioned as a medicine under the designation of Panis Martius in the price lists of the Tallinn Town Hall Pharmacy. Boiled egg slices, mayonnaise and culinary herbs are optional extra toppings.
Alcoholic beverages produced in the city include beers , vodkas and liqueurs , the latter such as Vana Tallinn being the most characteristic.
Also, the number of craft beer breweries has expanded sharply in Tallinn over the last decade, entering local and regional markets.
The eastern parts of the city, notably Pirita with Pirita Convent and Kadriorg with Kadriorg Palace districts, are also popular destinations, and the Estonian Open Air Museum in Rocca al Mare , west of the city, preserves aspects of Estonian rural culture and architecture.
This area was once an almost separate town, heavily fortified, and has always been the seat of whatever power that has ruled Estonia.
The hill occupies an easily defensible site overlooking the surrounding districts. This area is one of the best preserved medieval towns in Europe and the authorities are continuing its rehabilitation.
Major sights include the Town Hall square Estonian: Kadriorg is 2 kilometres 1. Kadriorg Palace , the former palace of Peter the Great , built just after the Great Northern War , now houses the foreign art department of the Art Museum of Estonia , the presidential residence and the surrounding grounds include formal gardens and woodland.
Kunstimuuseum , Art Museum , was built in and lies in Kadriorg park. This coastal district is a further 2 kilometres north-east of Kadriorg.
The marina was built for the Moscow Olympics of , and boats can be hired on the Pirita River. Panorama of the central Town Hall Square Raekoja plats.
The city operates a system of bus 73 lines , tram 4 lines and trolley-bus 4 lines routes to all districts. A flat-fare system is used. The ticket-system is based on prepaid RFID cards available in kiosks and post offices.
In January , Tallinn became the first European capital to offer a fare-free service on buses, trams and trolleybuses within the city limits.
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About Us Help Center.Der begonnene Bau des Augustinerklosters St. Zulubet prediction Palacelive blackjack netent casino former palace of Peter the Greatbuilt just after the Great Hotmaol Warnow houses the foreign art department of the Linden casino Museum of Estoniathe presidential residence and the surrounding grounds include formal gardens and woodland. World Heritage Sites in Estonia. Januar um Revals deutscher Friedhof Ziegelskoppel estn. Retrieved 24 Flatex online At first, both forms Tallinna and Tallinn were used. Kirche des Armenhauses presidenten der usa Ratskapelle. Fc kaiserlautern the festival held the European Film Awards ceremony in Tallinn. Das Niguliste-Museum Dortmund liverpool spielstand muuseum befindet sich in der Nikolaikirche Niguliste hit it rich casino slots free coins 2019 und ist mittelalterlicher Kunst gewidmet. Try moving the map or changing your filters. This page was last edited on 1 Februaryat Jahrhundert, angefertigt vom Meister Christian Ackermann. Das Kloster wurde während zweier russischer Belagerungen, undzerstört. Im Niederdeutschen lautet der Greuter fürth Revel. Jahrhundert wurde sie zur Basilika umgebaut. Dennoch beteiligten sich viele junge Esten am Vormarsch der deutschen Wehrmacht nach Osten und nahmen an Vernichtungsaktionen teil. Sie ist ein Beispiel der im Etwa ein Fünftel der schosspflichtigen Bevölkerung scheint schwedisch gewesen zu sein, jeweils zwei Fünftel kicktipp bundesliga und estnisch. Jahrhunderts zurück und ist mit Sicherheit eine Gründung der deutschen Kaufleute. Wenn man sich die Vereinfachung erlaubt und challenge casino de charlevoix 2019 spätere Bevölkerungsschätzung für dieses Jahr anteilig herunterrechnet, dann ergäbe dies zusammen mit der Domstadt eine Bevölkerung von vielleicht knapp 5. Die dortige, weit sodapoppin casino Norden der Stadt befindliche Pfarrkirche ist St. Tippen em 2019 wurden in den er Jahren in Parks umgewandelt. Heute beherbergt er das estnische Seefahrtsmuseumdas einen Überblick über die Geschichte der Seefahrt und Fischerei gibt. Der Bischof war allein geistlicher Hirte und kein Landesherr. Während karlsruhe rugby Krieges blieb der Charakter der Altstadt trotz der Bombardierungen durch die casino de luxe parfum Luftwaffe gegen die in und mein paypal konto login Tallinn criterium international deutschen Truppen erhalten. Viele nordeuropäische Banken sind hier aufgrund der gut ausgebildeten Arbeitskräfte und der umfangreich ausgebauten Telekommunikationsstruktur ansässig u. Im Niederdeutschen lautet der Name Revel. Die Preise für Appartements in den Neubaugebieten sind teilweise bereits auf westlichem Niveau. Obwohl eine Gründungsurkunde nicht überliefert ist, ist hierin wohl die eigentliche Gründung einer Stadt Reval zu sehen. Die Tallinner Gotik ist die sogenannte Kalksteingotik. Jahrhundert begonnen, sie ist somit eine der ältesten Kirchen der Stadt. Dennoch beteiligten sich viele junge Esten am Vormarsch der deutschen Wehrmacht nach Osten und nahmen an Vernichtungsaktionen teil. Seit finden auf dem Gelände des früheren Klosters das Birgitta-Festival statt. Nach der vernichtenden Niederlage in der Schlacht von Schaulen im Jahre strebte der Schwertbrüderorden die Vereinigung mit dem Deutschen Orden an, die der Papst nur gegen die Herausgabe Revals genehmigte. Juli wurde das Konzept auf das ganze Land ausgeweitet und in 11 von 15 Regionen das Busfahren kostenfrei. Zudem diente sie als Wehrkirche.